People like us in the society today expect things to be free on the internet. We download free movie, free song, free image, free video and others. We search for free things on the web everyday. Who really cares about copyright, piracy and plagiarism? What if someday we have to pay for everything we use in the internet? Well, how much do you really know about them?
[ 1. Copyright ]
What is copyright? According to Australian Government Attorney-General’s Department, copyright is a type of property that is founded on a person’s creative skill and labour. It is designed to prevent the unauthorised use by others of a work, that is, the original form in which an idea or information has been expressed by the creator. The law on copyright in Malaysia is governed by the Copyright Act 1987 (the “Act”) which came into force on 1 December 1987. The law has undergone various significant updates since then, with amendments to the Act taking effect in 1990, 1999, 2000 and 2003 (MIPA 2011). According to MIPA as well, literary works, artistic works, musical works, films, sound recordings and broadcasts are the kinds of works protected under copyright law.
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The left side of the diagram is copyrights which it is exclusive to the owner or creator of something. Copyright is needed to reward all those creative people. In the middle of the diagram which is fair use means copyright works can be use without permission for some purpose. While the right side is use of copyrighted works which we actually don’t need any permission from the copyright owner.
[ 2. Plagiarism ]
Are you familiar with the words and symbols in the image? How often do you use it? How much you need it when doing your assignment? Many people think of plagiarism as copying another’s work, or borrowing someone else’s original ideas. In fact, plagiarize means to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own, to use (another’s production) without crediting the source, to commit literary theft and to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source (Plagiarism. org 2012). In short, plagiarism involves both stealing someone else’s work and lying about it afterward, it is an act of fraud.
We are always told by lecturers to aware of plagiarism. It is very important to give credit to anything we copy form someone’s work. We should not copy something completely from the internet and we have to remember give credit to anything we used.
[ 3. Piracy ]
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According to UNESCO (2007), piracy includes he reproduction and distribution of copies of copyright-protected material, or the communication to the public and making available of such material on on-line communication networks, without the authorization of the right owner(s) where such authorization is required by law. It looks into few different type of works including music, literature, films, software, videogames, broadcasting programs and signals. Today, we could find a lot of pirate goods in the market. For instance DVD, CD, games, branded bag and so on. There are too much of pirated goods and why people goes for them? Simply because they are cheaper.
The technological society today brought up a lot of piracy and plagiarism issues. In the abstract of Snapper’s article (1999), he explained that piracy is the infringement of a copyright while plagiarism is the failure to give credit. I had discussed about copyright, plagiarism and piracy before this to let everyone clear about them. According to Snapper as well, plagiarism matters more than copyright piracy on the web. Do you agree with it? I do agree with Snapper because the failure of giving credit to the author is like using someone’s work as your own work. Why shall we need copyright? That’s because people who created and put a lot of effort in their work need to be protected. Besides, Snapper (1999) also said that plagiarism is the failure to abide by scholarly standards for citation of sources and these are important to assure us that information can be verified and traced to its source. For instance, you did an assignment and you did not give any credit to the original author, how could u trace back all the information? However, the rapid growth of internet leads to the increase of online plagiarism. People today copy and paste information without thinking about plagiarism. Because everyone think that (continue with the image below).
Australian Government Attorney-General’s Department, n.d., What is Copyright? accessed 12/9/2012, http://www.ag.gov.au/Copyright/Pages/Whatiscopyright.aspx
Malaysian Intellectual Property Association (MIPA) 2011, Copyright, accessed 12/9/2012, http://www.mipa.org.my/copyright.html
Plagiarism. org 2012, What is Plagiarism? accessed 12/9/2012, http://www.plagiarism.org/plag_article_what_is_plagiarism.html
Snapper, J 1999, On the Web, plagiarism matters more than copyright piracy, accessed 8/9/2012, http://www.springerlink.com/content/l215064qj8kk1331/
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 2007, What is Piracy? accessed 12/9/2012, http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ev.php-URL_ID=39397&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html