#BCM240 – Moral Panic – Smartphone

The new media shapes our cognition of time and space: reality time, cyber time, real world, and cyberspace. In this digital era, new media stimulates ccelerates the speed of interaction and diversifies interactions (Kweon, Hwang, Jo 2011). New media like smartphones are becoming essential to our everyday lives by serving as tools to fulfill tasks both at work and home. It overcomes the limitation of both physical and geographical barriers. By using a social media application in smartphone, we can easily connect to people around the world. We could call them, text them or video call them as well by simply clicking a few button. The panic over smartphone arise due to the consumption on it increasing day by day.

table 1

Statistic URL: http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2573415

Table 1 shows the worldwide smartphone sales to end users reached 225 million units, it increases 46.5 percent from the 2012. Mobile media allows for greater mobility and this is the reason why smartphone users are increasing everyday. When smartphone just launch, most of the users are generation Y however as time go by, we could see many generation X using smartphone today. According to Tsatsou (2009), media and communication technologies play a complex role in shifting conceptions of time and space, without diminishing to insignificance the concepts of time and space or subjective experiences of them. A smartphone overcomes time constraints because user can access it whenever needed, whereas social networking service creates various social media and space, which overcome limitations of space. The new media creates a new public sphere in a way that people realize it as a social activities space. People today enjoy making new friends and chat with their friend through social media.

Some said that smartphone make the people around them become antisocial. Whty? The reason is because people tend to communicate with their smartphone more than people around them. People are panic about smartphone widen the gap between them with their friends and family that lead to social breakdown. In the old times, people used to ring the doorbell or call the person when reach that person home, however the invention of smartphone and internet changes everything. Instead of doing that, they will inform the person by using social media such as whatsapp and wechat. The new function of social media apps audio note makes everyone rely on social media more. Research shows that using technology helps to activate different areas of brain, therefore over time it becomes overexcited, leading eventually to a sense of anxiety in the absence of external stimuli (Yeung 2013). This causes people too regularly taking out their phones. People today addicted to using their smartphone whenever they are having free time or not, they might use it while doing some other stuff as well. For instance college students who are allowed to bring in their phone to the class. Smartphone causes distraction while the class is still going on, they pay attention to their phone instead of their lecturer. Working adult as well might using their phone while meeting. Smartphone causes a lot of negative impact to our daily life, nevertheless people still rely much on it and even can’t live without it.



Kweon, S, Hwang, K, Jo, D 2011, ‘Time and space perception on media platforms’, Proceedings of the Media Ecology Association, vol.11, pp.25-48, accessed 13/9/2013, http://www.media-ecology.org/publications/MEA_proceedings/v12/8_time.pdf

Tsatsou, P, 2009 ‘Reconceptualising ‘time’ and ‘space’ in the ea of electronic media and communications’, Journal of Media and Communication, vol.11, accessed 13/9/2013, http://journals.culture-communication.unimelb.edu.au/platform/resources/includes/vol1/PlatformVol1_Tsatsou.pdf

Yeung, L 2013, Technology causing communication breakdown, accessed 13/9/2013, http://www.theedgemalaysia.com/technology/231596-technology-causing-communication-breakdown.html


#BCM240 – Television

It is very essential for every household to own a television set today. The proliferation of media technologies today results in the trend that a single household owning a multiple sets of same technology (Lee 2010). Watching television used to be one of the family activities, Saxbe et.al (2011) mentioned that most TV was watched in common home spaces such as living room and appeared as a social function that provides a platform for family togetherness. However, due to the rapid growth of technologies and the explosion of internet, people today especially generation Y don’t actually spend their time watching TV with family at home.

According to Adoimagazine (2011), Malaysian spend on average 19.8 hours online each week, in contrast they spend only 10.6 hours watching TV. In addition, more than 40% of Malaysian internet users access TV and movie content via the internet (Kemp 2012). We can easily search for the latest movie and drama in internet hence it influence people today watching it through their laptop or desktop instead of TV. Some people enjoy multitasking today. While watching TV, they might surfing internet as well or doing some other thing. Hence they might not pay attention to the TV content, TV might be just a tool to accompany them while doing their own stuff. Besides, as I mention above most of the household tonight might own more than one TV set, therefore they might be watching TV separately in their own space as well. Watching TV together with others in a same space or sharing a TV set have to respect the other audience, we can’t switch the channel anytime we want. For instance, some people enjoy watching movie through TV or laptop in their own room without other interruption, they can switch channel easily or pause the movie when it is needed. I think there are really less people sitting together watching TV with their family everyday, the togetherness that TV can bring to family have slowly disappear due to the rapid growth of technology.


Image URL: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/97/Family_watching_television_1958.jpg

The attachment above shows the togetherness that we could hardly see in the society today. People enjoy doing their thing in their own space or using their own gadget such as mobile phone, laptop and so on.


Kemp, S 2012, Social, digital and mobile in Malaysia, accessed 6/9/2013, http://wearesocial.net/blog/2012/01/social-digital-mobile-malaysia/

Adoimagazine 2011, Malaysian netizens spend nearly 20 hours online per week, the most time spent with any media, accessed 6/9/2013, http://adoimagazine.com/index.php/digital/127-digital-news/7303–malaysian-netizens-spend-nearly-20-hours-online-per-week-the-most-time-spent-with-any-media-

Saxbe, D, Graesch, A, & Alvik, M 2011, ‘Television as a Social or Solo Activity: Understanding Families’ Everyday Television Viewing Patterns’, Communication Research Reports, vol.28, no.2, pp.180-189, accessed6/9/2013,


Lee, FF 2010, ‘The influence of family viewing preferences on television consumption in the era of multichannel services’, Asian Journal Of Communication, vol.20, no.3, pp.281-298, accessed 6/9/2013, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=89dca583-e3bb-44e1-a458-0a369046623c%40sessionmgr11&vid=1&hid=24

#BCM240 – Cinema

Cinematic’ is typified quite differently, in experiences centred on unbounded space, on immersion and engulfment, on the whole body as sense organ, on sensation rather than visual perception (Elsaesser 1998 as cited in Laine 2006).

Have you ever come across that watching movie in the cinema has become one of the favorite entertainment for the teenager nowadays? This week, we are going to talk about cinema. Smets et.al (2011) define film theater as semi public space, that is a private (privately owned) space open to the general public when conforming to a set of rules (admission, social and institutional conventions such as not smoking etc.).  In my opinion, it could be describe as a social space as well where we can go for a movie with our friends which involve of some social interaction.

Image URL: http://www.cinema.com.my/images/news/2009/7g_gsc_tropicana05.jpg

This is the common auditorium where people usually visit. As people nowadays are requesting for better quality lifestyle, some cinema thus come out with premium auditorium.

Image URL: http://www.timeoutkl.com/uploadfiles/image/Venues/Film/Big/goldenscreencinemas.jpg

GSC gold class auditorium that forms the usual movie experience in normal GSC halls, the Gold Class hall offers an even better service that includes wide and comfortable reclining seats and a table for every two seats with a service call button.

Image URL: http://greydients.files.wordpress.com/2012/08/419149_358376267524117_1548401121_n.jpg

This image abovebelongs to TGV Beanie  that features funky beanbag seats that come in pairs, offering patrons a cozy and relaxed viewing experience.  Space is a premium, with leg room of 2.0m, allowing customers to be at full recline.

As we could see from the attachment above, the gold class and beanie auditorium offers consumer much more private space compare to the normal auditorium that gives a better experience in watching movie. My elder sister shared some of her experience watching movie in the cinema. She visits to the cinema probably once or twice a month. The distance to the shopping mall nearby our house is pretty near so it is very convenient for them to pay a visit to the cinema. Most of the time they watch horror movie and she will have some interaction with people next to her, she said that she will hold her friend’s hand or maybe cover her eyes if there is some scary scene.  The latest movie she watched was Conjuring, she said that she even heard some audience shout in the cinema. I think everyone will have different reaction while watching movie. She prefers watching movie in the cinema than watching it at home because the auditorium will provide an overall better experience. Watching movie with the sound effect in the auditorium and the better environment tend to be more interesting. She experienced once watching in the gold class auditorium before and she said the feeling is much greater than watch it in normal auditorium. First of all is because of spacious and comfortable seat with bigger leg room and there’s no stranger sitting next to you, it feels like watching in the own private space. Besides, it consider as individual couple seat so there will be no other audience walking in and out near to you when compare to the normal auditorium because the seat is really pack.


Laine, T 2006, ‘Lars von Trier, Dogville and the hodological space of cinema’, Studies In European Cinema, vol.3, no.2, pp.129-141, accessed 30/8/2013, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=60018d36-3285-4462-ab9c-11807c554ee1%40sessionmgr115&vid=1&hid=114

Smets, K, Meers, P, Vande Winkel, R, & Van Bauwel, S 2011, ‘A semi-public diasporic space: Turkish film screenings in Belgium’, Communications: The European Journal Of Communication Research, vol.36, no.4, pp.395-414, accessed 20/8/2013, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=514803ad-7d6b-499f-9cba-fde90421f574%40sessionmgr198&vid=1&hid=114

#BCM240 – About the private and public space


Image URL: http://www.spacehijackers.org/images/projects/privatepublic/cityhall/title.jpg

How would you define a public or private space? Let’s look in general, public space refer to area that doesn’t belong to anyone such as park, roads and others whereas private space refer to certain area that belongs to any individual for instance a house, office and so on. Humphreys (2005) defined public spaces as those areas occupied by persons who primarily do not know each other while private space can refer to a private dwelling such as one’s home. My private space will definitely be my room, I can do whatever I like without bothering what others think about me. I personally feel very comfortable with my private space, my comfort zone.


Take social media as example, even in a public space, we prefer to use it privately instead of showing to others what we are doing with it. For instance, we will be more comfortable to chat with our friend through our phone without letting people know the contents rather than using a desktop which people can see it easily. Take Facebook as another example, we might update status, upload photo or check in location publicly however when comes to private chat, we still prefer to use the message instead of posting publicly on someone wall to let everyone notice it.

Besides, i think everyone act differently in public space and private space as well? In my thoughts, i always think that people have different side of themselves in front of different people. Goffman has explored how individuals behave in public spaces and has codified the norms which govern such social interaction (as cited in Humphreys 2005). We have to act like a good girl or good boy in front of our parent, we have to act like a hardworking student in front of our lecturer whereas we can play crazily in front of our friends or people close to us. I would not say this is acting but a way which how the society shapes us. Moreover, in public space we will be more cautious on our behavior, we will make sure we looks good all the time and show people the best side of us. Take some girl for example, in public space where they will meet people they know and they don’t know, they used to make up and show people their prettiest face whereas in private space like their home, they have no problem without putting any make up.


There is no clear distinction between public and private space. A public space could be say as a private space where private space could define as public space as well. For instance like a bank. A bank would definitely be a public space but when comes to ATM machine it would become a private space where people cannot see what others are doing such as entering their password. Public access facilities far from being pure spaces are often seen by their users as creating opportunities for ‘private-in-public’.


Viseu, A, Clement, A, Aspinall, J & Kennedy, T 2006, ‘The interplay of public and private spaces in internet access’, Information, Communication & Society, vol.9, no.5, pp633-656, accessed 23/8/2013, http://www.tandfonline.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/doi/pdf/10.1080/13691180600965633

Humphreys, L 2005, ‘Social topography in a wireless era: the negotiation of the public and private space’, Journal Of Technical Writing & Communication, vol.35, no.4, pp367-384, accessed 23/8/2013, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=c0711478-283d-4dd6-94d3-93c4bd640af5%40sessionmgr12&vid=2&hid=23