#BCM240 – Cinema

Cinematic’ is typified quite differently, in experiences centred on unbounded space, on immersion and engulfment, on the whole body as sense organ, on sensation rather than visual perception (Elsaesser 1998 as cited in Laine 2006).

Have you ever come across that watching movie in the cinema has become one of the favorite entertainment for the teenager nowadays? This week, we are going to talk about cinema. Smets et.al (2011) define film theater as semi public space, that is a private (privately owned) space open to the general public when conforming to a set of rules (admission, social and institutional conventions such as not smoking etc.).  In my opinion, it could be describe as a social space as well where we can go for a movie with our friends which involve of some social interaction.

Image URL: http://www.cinema.com.my/images/news/2009/7g_gsc_tropicana05.jpg

This is the common auditorium where people usually visit. As people nowadays are requesting for better quality lifestyle, some cinema thus come out with premium auditorium.

Image URL: http://www.timeoutkl.com/uploadfiles/image/Venues/Film/Big/goldenscreencinemas.jpg

GSC gold class auditorium that forms the usual movie experience in normal GSC halls, the Gold Class hall offers an even better service that includes wide and comfortable reclining seats and a table for every two seats with a service call button.

Image URL: http://greydients.files.wordpress.com/2012/08/419149_358376267524117_1548401121_n.jpg

This image abovebelongs to TGV Beanie  that features funky beanbag seats that come in pairs, offering patrons a cozy and relaxed viewing experience.  Space is a premium, with leg room of 2.0m, allowing customers to be at full recline.

As we could see from the attachment above, the gold class and beanie auditorium offers consumer much more private space compare to the normal auditorium that gives a better experience in watching movie. My elder sister shared some of her experience watching movie in the cinema. She visits to the cinema probably once or twice a month. The distance to the shopping mall nearby our house is pretty near so it is very convenient for them to pay a visit to the cinema. Most of the time they watch horror movie and she will have some interaction with people next to her, she said that she will hold her friend’s hand or maybe cover her eyes if there is some scary scene.  The latest movie she watched was Conjuring, she said that she even heard some audience shout in the cinema. I think everyone will have different reaction while watching movie. She prefers watching movie in the cinema than watching it at home because the auditorium will provide an overall better experience. Watching movie with the sound effect in the auditorium and the better environment tend to be more interesting. She experienced once watching in the gold class auditorium before and she said the feeling is much greater than watch it in normal auditorium. First of all is because of spacious and comfortable seat with bigger leg room and there’s no stranger sitting next to you, it feels like watching in the own private space. Besides, it consider as individual couple seat so there will be no other audience walking in and out near to you when compare to the normal auditorium because the seat is really pack.


Laine, T 2006, ‘Lars von Trier, Dogville and the hodological space of cinema’, Studies In European Cinema, vol.3, no.2, pp.129-141, accessed 30/8/2013, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=60018d36-3285-4462-ab9c-11807c554ee1%40sessionmgr115&vid=1&hid=114

Smets, K, Meers, P, Vande Winkel, R, & Van Bauwel, S 2011, ‘A semi-public diasporic space: Turkish film screenings in Belgium’, Communications: The European Journal Of Communication Research, vol.36, no.4, pp.395-414, accessed 20/8/2013, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=514803ad-7d6b-499f-9cba-fde90421f574%40sessionmgr198&vid=1&hid=114


#BCM240 – About the private and public space


Image URL: http://www.spacehijackers.org/images/projects/privatepublic/cityhall/title.jpg

How would you define a public or private space? Let’s look in general, public space refer to area that doesn’t belong to anyone such as park, roads and others whereas private space refer to certain area that belongs to any individual for instance a house, office and so on. Humphreys (2005) defined public spaces as those areas occupied by persons who primarily do not know each other while private space can refer to a private dwelling such as one’s home. My private space will definitely be my room, I can do whatever I like without bothering what others think about me. I personally feel very comfortable with my private space, my comfort zone.


Take social media as example, even in a public space, we prefer to use it privately instead of showing to others what we are doing with it. For instance, we will be more comfortable to chat with our friend through our phone without letting people know the contents rather than using a desktop which people can see it easily. Take Facebook as another example, we might update status, upload photo or check in location publicly however when comes to private chat, we still prefer to use the message instead of posting publicly on someone wall to let everyone notice it.

Besides, i think everyone act differently in public space and private space as well? In my thoughts, i always think that people have different side of themselves in front of different people. Goffman has explored how individuals behave in public spaces and has codified the norms which govern such social interaction (as cited in Humphreys 2005). We have to act like a good girl or good boy in front of our parent, we have to act like a hardworking student in front of our lecturer whereas we can play crazily in front of our friends or people close to us. I would not say this is acting but a way which how the society shapes us. Moreover, in public space we will be more cautious on our behavior, we will make sure we looks good all the time and show people the best side of us. Take some girl for example, in public space where they will meet people they know and they don’t know, they used to make up and show people their prettiest face whereas in private space like their home, they have no problem without putting any make up.


There is no clear distinction between public and private space. A public space could be say as a private space where private space could define as public space as well. For instance like a bank. A bank would definitely be a public space but when comes to ATM machine it would become a private space where people cannot see what others are doing such as entering their password. Public access facilities far from being pure spaces are often seen by their users as creating opportunities for ‘private-in-public’.


Viseu, A, Clement, A, Aspinall, J & Kennedy, T 2006, ‘The interplay of public and private spaces in internet access’, Information, Communication & Society, vol.9, no.5, pp633-656, accessed 23/8/2013, http://www.tandfonline.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/doi/pdf/10.1080/13691180600965633

Humphreys, L 2005, ‘Social topography in a wireless era: the negotiation of the public and private space’, Journal Of Technical Writing & Communication, vol.35, no.4, pp367-384, accessed 23/8/2013, http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=c0711478-283d-4dd6-94d3-93c4bd640af5%40sessionmgr12&vid=2&hid=23

Why Things Matter

#1. The world is interconnected

We are living in a world that everything around us are connected to each other. Not only peoples, but the appliances, objects, devices as well. A world which the energy flowing one way to another. Information network available everywhere, we can actually access to the internet no matter where we are. For instance, we are connected to people out from Malaysia with all the social media platform today. Facebook, twitter, instagram, email and so on allow us to connect with people all over the world. So do the devices as well. A mobile phone have the function of calling and messaging, connected with the google maps and others. Reaney (2012) mentioned that 85% of people around the globe who are connected online send and receive emails and 62% communicate through social networking sites.

Image URL: http://bit.ly/ZrVyJh

#2. Crumbling of physical borders

People today are less conscious about the borders as well. Things are become so easy with the availability of internet, location and country are no longer a problem anymore. Internet allows people to get connected in anywhere and anytime. As the information are decentralized, we have physical device to access something, eg: mobile phone and laptop. The homogenization of time and space does’t matter anymore. We are no longer bound to the physical space. The media used to be mass media, but it is currently jumping to a smaller market. For instance, instagram, facebook, pinterest and others. Media today is all the combination of all those small platform.

#3. Internet of things

Image URL: http://semanticweb.com/infographic-the-growing-internet-of-things_b21593

All the physical objects are connecting to internet and the objects are becoming tangible social actors. The social actors will tell us what to do. For example, when you are hungry u post at your twitter or facebook what should you eat, your friends will reply you with all sort of different answer that telling what you should eat. Internet of thing is a form of social connections that allow us understanding the identity. It is about how do people want to use their devices.

Image URL: http://www.mediabistro.com/alltwitter/internet-60-seconds_b10248

Within this one minute on the internet:

  • 168 million emails are sent
  • 695,000 status updates and 510,040 comments are published on Facebook
  • Google serves more that 694,445 search queries
  • 370,000+ minutes of voice calls done by Skype users
  • 20,000 new posts are published on Tumblr
  • 13,000+ hours of music streaming flows from Pandora
  • More than 13,000 iPhone apps are downloaded
  • 6,600 images are published on Flickr
  • 600 videos (about 25 hours of content) are uploaded to YouTube

#4. The impact of things connected

The objects will have unique network address making each discrete object uniquely identifiable. The objects are able:-

  • Dynamically register changes to their environment.
  • Store and process that information, as well as independently initiate action (able to do things at their own).
  • Have a semantic interface for humans, for instance communicate and access network objects.
  • Remote accessibly.

Things today are no longer stand alone meaningless objects, they are having relationship with the peoples. In year 2008, more objects are connected to the internet than peoples and it is predicted that 50 billion objects will be connect to the internet by 2020.

Image URL: http://www.jplattel.nl/the-evolution-of-the-internet-of-things/


Raeney, P 2012, Most of world interconnected through email, social media, accessed 8/11/2012, http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/03/27/net-us-socialmedia-online-poll-idUSBRE82Q0C420120327

Apple & Android

A smartphone is a mobile phone built on a mobile operating system, with more advanced computing capability and connectivity than a feature phone. The most common mobile operating systems (OS) used by modern smartphones include Google’s Android, Apple’s iOS, Nokia’s Symbian, RIM’s BlackBerry OS, Samsung’s Bada, Microsoft’s Windows Phone, Hewlett-Packard’s webOS, and embedded Linux distributions (Mashable 2012). In the market today, the top 2 choices of everyone will be apple and android and there goes a lot of battles and comparison between them. Both Apple and Android have their own advantage and disadvantage, we couldn’t say which one is better than the another one.

A short history of phone:-

1983: First mobile phone in the market (Motorola)

1997: First ‘smart phone’ (Philips Ilium Synergy)

2001: First 3G networks (Japan & Korea)

2007: First Iphone

2008: First Android Phone (HTC Dream)

Image URL: http://visual.ly/apple-vs-android-history-and-user-info

As we could see from the infographic, Android users are currently more than Apple users. 54.8% of Android applications are free while only 45.2% of Apple applications are free. Iphone is a closed device which Apple decide the limit of functionality of the device. Apple have completely control over the platform, content and the user. The users shall not modify the operating system. Besides, Apple only allow certain applications, some of the applications are not allow to enter the application store. On the other hand, Android is a open source device, where it allows independent application market.

android iphone market share newspaper

Image URL: http://eurodroid.com/2010/05/12/android-vs-iphone-sales-story-hits-the-press/

Many of the Apple users are switching to Android today. What drives them to switch this? As we could see from the image above, price is a huge factors. Android phones are cheaper compare to Apple. Besides there are many choices of Android phone such as HTC, Samsung and so on. I’ve mentioned above Android have more free applications than Apple as well. Will it be one of the factor too? The battle is still going on, even though Android having more users than Apple now, but we wouldn’t know how will it be after 3 years, 5 years or even 10 years. By the time there might be another operating system coming out as well. If you were to purchase a phone right now, which will be your first choice?


Mashable 2012, Smartphone, accessed 2/11/2012, http://mashable.com/follow/topics/smartphone/

Social Network Revolutions

The video above is about the social media revolution in general. It describe how the social media impact today society.

Statistic URL: http://marketingland.com/report-twitter-still-sees-booming-growth-while-facebook-slows-7292

Facebook and Twitter users are still increasing year by year and they are predicted to continue growth until 2014. Social media changed the way we live. It becoming a need in our life, it’s no longer a want. We need social media to spend our free time, we need social media to update ourselves, we need social media to keep in touch with our friends and family and so on. In my previous post, I’ve mentioned on how social media actually change our life and what is the impact of it. Besides our personal usage,  Morozov (2011) argues that these digital tools are simply, well, tools, and social change continues to involve many painstaking, longer-term efforts to engage with political institutions and reform movements. Social media did bring a big impact to the political aspect as well. Everything gone viral in the social media, we can share anything immediately. Morozov (2011) mentioned that internet can be an effective tool for political change when used by grassroots organisations.

The article of Evgeny Morozov talks about Cyber-utopians who believe the Arab spring has been driven by social networks ignore the real-world activism underpinning them. According to New Internationalist (2012), western countries have generally supported the ‘spread of democracy in the region’ and a lot of attention has been given to the positive influence of technology in promoting the successful revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt. The rapid internet interaction through Twitter and Facebook actually gave many information to the protesters. As in Malaysia itself, Bersih 2.0 can be a very good example. People are crazily sharing this everywhere and many of my friends took part in this as well. They used Facebook and Twitter to know other protesters from everywhere. They share any information using social network as well. Srinivasan (2012) discussed some argue that social media empowered activists to coordinate and communicate the actions that sparked the revolt while in contrast, some argue that social media was a double-edged sword, and in some cases prevented activists from directly confronting the old regime.

Morozov, E 2011, Facebook and Twitter are just places revolutionaries go, accessed 27/10/2012, http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/mar/07/facebook-twitter-revolutionaries-cyber-utopians

New Internationalist 2012, World Developement book case study: the role of social networking in the Arab Spring, accessed 27/10/2012, http://www.newint.org/books/reference/world-development/case-studies/social-networking-in-the-arab-spring/

Srinivasan, R 2012, Taking power through technology in the Arab Spring, accessed 27/10/2012, http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2012/09/2012919115344299848.html


Image URL: http://bit.ly/VXscV0

WikiLeaks was officially launched in 2007. It is a not-for-profit media organisation and their goal is to bring important news and information to the public (Wikileaks 2012). WikiLeaks (2012) also mentioned that they has sustained and triumphed against legal and political attacks designed to silence their publishing organisation, journalists and anonymous sources. It further explained that they has combined high-end security technologies with journalism and ethical principles and they accept anonymous sources of information. Wikileaks aim to create a better society for all people.

According to Benkler (2011), Wikileaks became the center of an international storm surrounding the role of the individual in the networked public sphere after its first document released. Wikileaks’s importance is showing that everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, this is why the accept anonymous sources. However, Wikileaks will investigate all the anonymous sources before they publish. The emerging of wikileaks may well impose serious collateral damage on some citizen journalists (Benkler 2011).


A. 2006-2009: Award-winning site exposing corruption and abuse around the world

Wikileaks is the winner of  Economist Index on Censorship Freedom of Expression award (2008) and Amnesty International human rights reporting award (New Media) (2009). Wikileaks was an organization that seems to have functioned very much as it described itself: a place where documents that shed light on powerful governments or corporations anywhere in the world, or, in the case of the climate scientists’ emails, on a matter of enormous global public concern, could be aired publicly. The pattern of Wikileaks releasing information relating to a range of very different countries (Benkler 2011).

B. March 2010: Leaking the 2008 Pentagon Report on the threat of Wikileaks

Wikileaks released a 2008 Pentagon report arguing that Wikileaks is a threat, while recognizing the site as a source of investigative journalism critical of U.S. military procurement and its conduct in war. The Pentagon report provides significant insight into what Wikileaks was doing by 2008, and why the military was concerned about it. The 2008 Pentagon Report, then, sees Wikileaks as a journalistic organization whose structure and organization make it dangerous to the U.S. military. Wikileaks.org uses trust as a center of gravity by assuring insiders, leakers, and whistleblowers who pass information to Wikileaks.org personnel or who post information to the Web site that they will remain anonymous (Benkler 2011).

C. April-October 2010:Collateral Murder, Afghanistan, and Iraq

April 2010 marked the beginning of a series of four releases of documents embarrassing to the United States government. In July 2010, Wikileaks released a new cache of documents; these were war logs from the field in Afghanistan. In October, Wikileaks added one more major release. It consisted of war logs similar to those released in July, this time pertaining to the Iraq war. Benkler (2011) mentioned that Wikileaks posted close to 400,000 field reports from Iraq in what the BBC described as “a heavily censored form.” BBC news (2010) stated that the site released almost 400,000 secret US military logs detailing its operations in Iraq in October.

D. The Last Straw: The Embassy Cables

Another document was released on November 28 and it was more careful and selective than any of the prior releases. The release of the final batch was followed by a massive escalation of attacks on Wikileaks as an organization and website, and on Assange as an individual. It is the mismatch between what Wikileaks in fact did in this final round and the multi-system attack on it that drives the need for a deeper explanation.

Image URL: http://bit.ly/Vyxu3i


BBC news 2010, What is Wikileaks?, accessed 27/10/2012, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-10757263

Benkler, Y 2011, A free irresponsible press: Wikileaks and the battle over the soul of the networked fourth estate, accessed 27/10/2012, http://www.benkler.org/Benkler_Wikileaks_current.pdf

Wikileaks 2012, About, accessed 27/10/2012, http://wikileaks.org/About.html


Image URL: http://mashable.com/2012/09/22/twitter-ads-small-business/

Are you a twitterer? Do you own a twitter account? How often do you tweet? Does twitter change the way you live? Johnson (2009) mentioned that the most fascinating thing about Twitter is not what it’s doing to us but what we’re doing to it. Consumer today are no longer consumer anymore, they become prosumer. So what is prosumer? It’s a combination of producer & consumer. It conceptualize users of the day use their media. For instance twitter, you contribute content by tweeting what’s going on with you as a producer and you take information from the twitter as consumer. So there you are, prosumer.

Twitter Usage Statistics 2012 Infographic

Image URL: http://ansonalex.com/infographics/twitter-usage-statistics-2012-infographic/

The image above shows a study in 2010, it is possible to be addicted to social media as 23% of college students have addiction to it. 21% of them actually have physical and mental distress without exposing to any social media within 24 hours.  Undeniable, social media is a very important thing in our life, especially teenagers. Research also shows that Twitter may be harder resist than cigarettes, alcohol, sex, caffeine and sleep. How about you? Are you a heavy user of twitter?

This is a video talks about what people do with twitter.

Chart URL: http://dstevenwhite.com/2011/12/29/social-media-growth-2006-2011/

Globally, the total number of people using twitter increase rapidly and it achieve 300,000,000 users in 2011. Peoples use twitter for different purposes, as we could see from the video above. Below are some of my example on how people use twitter.

1. Social communication – Most of the people use Twitter as their own interest. They tweet anything related to them and when their followers see the tweet, reply it and there goes the social communication. We use twitter as a platform to basically tell people what we are doing, what we are thinking and so on. Besides, there are twitter photo-sharing services, such as TwitPic and YFrog, allow us to post photos to share with our friends through Twitter.

2. Networking –  Twitter’s system of shortened links and hashtags make it easy to find people or businesses posting tweets in the same areas that you are. When we posted anything, we can add a hastag “#” to line it to the specific topic or others, this enable people to search easily and you may find people that having the same interest with you as well. Besides you may tag any of your followers with using a “@” in twitter, it’s called as mention. Like when you are having lunch with your friend, you might update your twitter – Having lunch with @abc now. Besides, peoples like to follow things they are interest with. For example, you are a football lover supporting Manchester United and u may follow them in twitter to know the latest updates.

3. Education purpose – Like the subject we are taking now, DIGC202 require us to create an twitter account to tweet about our assignment topic weekly. We are asked to add in the hashtag with #DIGC202 as well. So when we click in the hashtag, we could see what students from Australia main campus tweet about and same goes to they can see what we tweet about. This makes the assessment more interesting as well.

4. Business purpose – Many companies have their own twitter account and they do update frequently.They use their Twitter profiles to increase traffic and find new visitors for their websites. According to Southern (2012), many businesses specifically offer special deals and promotions exclusively through Twitter. Twitter’s “retweet” function allows other Twitter users to re-post your tweet if they find it interesting; being retweeted by several popular Twitter users can significantly increase exposure for you tweet and your business. Below are the examples of companies using twitter for their business (Smarty 2008).

This video is telling people Twitter is faster than earthquake. You can know what’s happening around immediately through twitter.


Johnson S 2009, How twitter will change the way we live, accessed 6/10/2012, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1902818-4,00.html

Smarty A 2008, 16 examples of huge brands using twitter for business, accessed 6/10/2012, http://www.searchenginejournal.com/16-examples-of-huge-brands-using-twitter-for-business/7792/

Southern S 2012, The purpose of twitter, accessed 6/10/2012, http://techtips.salon.com/purpose-twitter-1039.html

Steve 2011, Social media growth 2006-2011, accessed 6/10/2012, http://dstevenwhite.com/2011/12/29/social-media-growth-2006-2011/